Alat Tenun Bukan Mesin

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ATBM yang masih sangat tradisional

Kebanyakan kain tenun tradisional di Indonesia pembuatannya menggunakan alat tenun tradisional. Proses yang lama dan butuh ketelatenan tingkat dewa membuat kain tenun begitu memiliki nilai seni tinggi karena diproses menggunakan alat tenun bukan mesin (ATBM).

ATBM sendiri merupakan alat untuk melakukan penenunan yang digerakkan oleh manusia. ATBM dapat dipergunakan sambil duduk. Bentuknya seperti rangka persegi. Penggunanya hampir sebagian besar ada ada penjuru desa atau sentra tenun tradisional tanah air. Ada yang sangat manual dan ada pula yang sudah semi mekanis.

Salah satu ujung ATBM dipakai untuk mengikat jalinan benang yang telah disusun. Sementara ujung yang lain merupakan slot kayu yang bisa bergerak ke samping kanan atau kiri. Slot itu lah yang digerakkan oleh tangan penenun. Begitu jalinan benang pakan selesai membentuk pola, penenun akan merapatkannya dengan kayu penjepit yang panjang. ATBM sendiri biasanya terbuat dari kayu.

Pembuatan kain tenun yang menggunakan ATBM biasanya hanya pada kelas tradisional atau industri rumahan. Pada industri tekstil besar, ATBM tidaklah digunakan karena pabrik menggunakan alat tenun mesin (loom machine).

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